Florida Work Environment Laws
United States law stipulates that an individual cannot be discriminated
against for employment because of race, gender, country of origin, or
age. Despite being hired many have faced discrimination while in the
work environment. Florida law recognizes that sexual harassment and
hostile work environments are not the same circumstances and are to be
Sexual harassment in Florida is marked as discrimination and negative
attention because of an individual's gender. This is in contrast to a
hostile environment where negative attention is directed at an
individual because of his or her age, disability, religion, color,
expectant state, race, country of origin, or other factor.
Federal law requires employers to create a comfortable work environment
that is discrimination free. When an employee feels he or she is being
discriminated, it is the employer's responsibility to handle the
situation. At times some discriminating cases are handle through court
systems if an employer cannot settle the environment.
More than three-fourths of the United States use the policy called
employment-at-will. This policy allows either party, the employer or
the employee, to terminate any kind of employment for no reason or any
reason. Employees, under this policy, have the right to quit whenever
they desire without being subject to punishment or other consequence.
An employer lacks the right to obligate a current employee to remain
with a business or company if he or she desires not to do so. Normally
with most businesses and companies an employee is required to give a
two-week notice for when he or she is to terminate employment.
On the other hand an employer also has the right to fire an employee
without reason. Despite appearing unfair to the employee, the employer
is not required to state the reasoning of termination. If a business or
company is downsizing, good employees may be terminated for no personal
reason but for financial or economic issues. However, when only certain
types of employees are being terminated, such as those over a certain
age or a certain race, the termination is illegal and discriminatory.
No federal or Florida law keeps companies and businesses from
discriminating against minors or those under the age of twenty-five.
These individuals are to be paid the same salary and are to be subject
to the same benefits and promotions that other workers are. Some
companies or businesses may legally offer special treatment for
employees over a certain age, such as over the age of sixty.
Florida Maternity Leave
Maternity leave in all states is designed to allow new parents the
opportunity to bond and care for their newborns or for adoptive parents
to care for and bond with new children. Maternity leave or family leave
is allotted for twelve weeks in a row without any breaks or a spread
over several months.
Some companies may not allow leave because of limited staff. Leave is
also allowed for the care of elderly parents, sick children, illnesses,
and hospitalization under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Paternity
leave is also often allowed.