The state of Iowa is nicknamed the American Heartland as it resides in
the Midwestern section of the country. The name Iowa originated for
American Indian occupation that was later called New France as a French
colony. The Louisiana Purchase made Iowa part of the United States
where it later flourished into America's capital for food production.
Over three hundred years after the land now known as Iowa was claimed
by French explorers, Iowa now produces much of the nation's agriculture
and other necessary goods. Iowa is governed by many state laws that are
not otherwise designated through the federal government. Some of these
include divorce laws, bankruptcy laws, labor laws, drunk driving laws,
gun laws, and others.
Bankruptcy in the United States is designed to assist those who have
found themselves in debt through extraneous circumstances. These
circumstances often include extended hospitalization, the loss of a
client, the loss of employment, and other circumstances that force
individuals into debt quickly.
The federal government recently created new bankruptcy laws to
eliminate those who apply for bankruptcy but can actually help
themselves instead. These new laws include three times as much
paperwork than in previous filing and harsher screening processes.
Those applying for bankruptcy in Iowa will have their incomes measured
against the average income for the rest of the state. Individuals who
are found eligible after screening will either be granted Chapter
Thirteen bankruptcy or Chapter Seven bankruptcy.
Each state has its own requirements for how divorce cases are to be
handled. Iowa requires that in order to have a legal divorce in the
state, individuals must first be state residents for at least one year.
Where these citizens reside will dictate where they will be required to
file for divorce. Divorce cases are handled by the county circuit
Iowa law states that individuals petitioning for divorce are to file in
their county of residency or the residency of their spouses. Under this
jurisdiction if an individual files in the incorrect county, his or her
divorce petition will be dismissed. Iowa law also requires that each
divorce petition wait ninety days prior to entering court.
Drunk driving consequences are decided through the number of previous
offenses and any aggravated circumstances. Aggravated circumstances
include driving over the speed limit, having a minor in the motor
vehicle upon arrest, injuring another, having a blood alcohol content
at 0.15 percent or greater, and cause death to another.
These circumstances can increase a first offense and can double or
triple subsequent offenses. Many driving under the influence
convictions include driver's license suspension, large fines, alcohol
counseling, community service, incarceration, installation of
interlocking devices, and motor vehicle impounding.
When the United States federal minimum wage was raised to seven dollars
and twenty-five cent in 2009, it required all states to raise their
minimum wages to match or exceed this limit. The minimum wage for Iowa
now matches that of the federal requirement. Under minimum wage law
employers are not legally permitted to pay their employees less than
this amount. However employees who are regularly tipped can legally be
paid less than seven dollars and twenty-five cents.