Maryland Leave Laws
The state of Maryland does not have its own laws for personal leave
purposes. Instead Maryland uses federal laws for medical and family
leave. The Family and Medical Leave Act allows employees to take a
leave of absence for such purposes without the consequence of losing
their employment. The Family and Medical Leave Act allow employees to
take maternity leave, to care for elderly parents, to submit to
hospitalization, to care for ill children, or for any other reason due
to a medical or psychological purpose.
All leave is unpaid and lasts no longer than twelve weeks. These twelve
weeks are required to be taken consecutively and may not be divided
among several seasons. Each year employees are permitted to have twelve
weeks of personal leave for medical purposes.
Maternity leave allows new mothers the opportunity to care for their
newborns and adoptive parents to bond with their new children.
Individuals may request to return to work earlier than twelve weeks,
however an employer does not have to grant this request. Paternity
leave is also provided is most cases. It is illegal for an employer to
terminate an employee due to an expectant state or because of a
necessity for leave. If a company or business is downsizing, a pregnant
employee or an employee on leave is not exempt from termination for
When an employee on leave returns to work he or she is guaranteed his
or her job or a job of the same salary with the same benefits. An
employer may hire a temporary employee to cover the vacant position but
is then required to terminate that individual when the former employee
returns from leave. Employers may also divide the work among several
employees until the employee returns.
The federal minimum wage was raised to seven dollars and twenty-five
cents in 2009. Since then all states were required to raise their
minimum wages to meet this minimum requirement or above. Maryland
raised its minimum wage to match the federal standard. Under federal
law employers are required to pay all employees this minimum and no
less, however they may choose to pay more.
An employee who is tipped every shift is allowed to be paid only three
dollars and sixty-three cents an hour. This lower wage is legal as tips
make up for the lowered rate. When employees are tipped in mass, the
tips are to be divided evenly at the end of each shift. When an
employee is tipped, he or she has the right to keep all of his or her
tips and is under no requirement to share them with a salary-paid
The state of Maryland does not have a law mandating sick pay. As there
is no law in regards to sick pay, employers are not required to provide
sick pay. However employers may choose to provide sick pay for
employees. When sick pay is guaranteed in written contract an employee
is legally bound to pay individuals who take sick days. Sick pay is
also not required to be paid if an employee is terminated.