Montana is considered one of the largest states in the nation, although
it is rather small in population ranking at forty-fourth in the
country. The state itself is broken into different terrains with
seventy-seven mountains from the Rocky Mountain range within the
state's borders. These structures in fact gave Montana its name, which
comes from Spanish origins, meaning mountain.
Because of the vast space of the state and the small population,
Montana's economy thrives from lumbering, oil mining, coal mining,
wheat farming, ranching, touring, and rock mining. Different forms of
these range from east to west. State laws have been created to handle
this large area. Many of these include labor laws, divorce laws,
bankruptcy laws, gun laws, drunken driving laws, expungement laws,
felony conviction laws, and many others.
The bankruptcy system in Montana is governed by the federal bankruptcy
system. This system itself was altered in the past few years to
decrease bankruptcy abuse and increase the rules for eligibility. In
previous years bankruptcy could be filed through do-it-yourself
programs. Now because the paperwork required has tripled, it is advised
to consult a professional attorney. This can be done online or in
Consulting an attorney can also eliminate error. If a bankruptcy
application is incorrectly filed or a portion is missing, the petition
will be dismissed. Upon filing an application will be measured against
the income and expenses of all other citizens in the state of Montana.
If an individual qualifies, he or she will be granted either Chapter
Seven bankruptcy or Chapter Thirteen bankruptcy. Both forms of
bankruptcy are for personal debt but differ based on the amount of debt.
Divorce laws in Montana are based on residency. Each county handles its
citizens' divorce cases, so filing with the correct county is
important. A petition will be dismissed if filed to the incorrect
county. Montana requires that an individual be a Montana resident for
at least ninety days before he or she files for divorce.
A divorce petition may be submitted by either spouse and in either's
county of residency. Individuals residing within Montana's state
borders for reasons of military assignment are also considered state
residents after ninety days.
Each state has a blood alcohol content limit of 0.08 percent, as set by
the federal government. However Montana also has other limits for
specialized cases. A minor will be arrested for having a blood alcohol
content above 0.02 percent. A commercial driver will also be arrested
for having a blood alcohol content that exceeds 0.04 percent. In
Montana driving under the influence charges not only include the
influence of alcohol but also the influence of drugs or alcohol and
The federal minimum wage increased in 2009 to seven dollars and
twenty-five cents. This increase required each state to meet or exceed
this minimum requirement. The state of Montana currently has a minimum
wages that is the same as the federal requirement. Under minimum wage
laws employees must be paid this minimum amount per hour. Wages may not
decrease but may increase with the increase in food cost and energy