South Carolina Gun Laws Like many other states South Carolina is considered a "shall
issue" state in regards to concealed weapons permits. Handguns, rifles,
and shotguns do not require permits to be first obtained before
purchases are made.
A Castle Doctrine has also been stipulated in the state of South
Carolina to allow individuals to have firearms in their homes, motor
vehicles, or places of business for legalized protection. This doctrine
allows deadly force to be used on any intruder to personal property.
Castle Doctrine is also named as homicide by self-defense or
justifiable homicide. This kind of self-defense is only to be used
under necessary precautions.
Firearms are not allowed to be carried onto public school property or
any kind of private property without previous permission. South
Carolina does not allow open carry; however, loaded handguns are
permitted to be carried in vehicle glove compartments or center
South Carolina has this kind of reciprocity with other states.
Beginning in 2008 these include Wyoming, West Virginia, Virginia,
Tennessee, Texas, Ohio, North Carolina, Missouri, Michigan, Louisiana,
Kentucky, Kansas, Florida, Arkansas, Arizona, and Alaska.
South Carolina also has a philosophy called "Stand Your Ground" through
the Protection of Person and Property Act. This act states that
individuals may use deadly force to defend themselves if they feel they
are being threatened and are attacked. "Stand Your Ground" only applies
if an intruder enters another's place of business, place of dwelling,
personal property, or any other place where others have rights to be.
If the use of a deadly force is not necessary, then the philosophy
cannot be upheld.
The "Make My Day" law accompanies the "Stand Your Ground" philosophy
and allows an individual to defend another by using a deadly force if
the other person cannot him or herself. South Carolina law states that
if a violent crime can be prevented, it should.
Types of Firearms Rifles, shotguns, and handguns are not required to be registered
under South Carolina law nor are owners required to be licensed to have
rifles, shotguns, or handguns. No permit is necessary to carry a
shotgun or a rifle, but a permit is necessary to carry any kind of
Shotguns and rifles can be purchased from contiguous states if all
federal requirements are met beforehand. The sellers of these states
must have federal firearms licenses before any purchase can be made.
Certain individuals are not allowed to possess firearms because of the
danger they present. These people include any individual with a
previous violent crime conviction; any individual with an addiction to
drugs or alcoholics; any individual who is mental incompetent; any
individual under the age of twenty-one; and any individual who the
county court has deemed unfit to possess a firearm.
Those under the age of twenty-one may temporarily possess a firearm if
under the supervision of a guardian or instructor. Individuals who have
been evaluated by any mental institution and have had adjudication as
mentally ill are seen by South Carolina to be unfit to possess firearms.