Twenty-six years before it became a state, Utah gave women the right to
vote in 1870. This made Utah the second state to do so before the
1920s, only coming behind Wyoming. The middle of the 1800s brought many
people to the west to work in the mining industry. Utah's Bingham
Canyon Mine is partially responsible for this movement and is still one
of the world's biggest open mine pits.
Job opportunities opened the Utah Territory and expanded the soon-to-be
state's economy. Several mining communities still exist today and dot
central Utah. Many include Eureka, Silver Reef, Mercur, Castle Gate,
Hiawatha, and Spring Canyon. Many different kinds of minerals and
fossil fuels are extracted from Utah's mines today, including
petroleum, coal, natural gases, lead, zinc, copper, silver, gold,
beryllium, and molybdenum.
The communities formed during the mining boom gave way to the state of
Utah today. Utah is governed by state laws that provide safety and
organization for its residents. Some of these laws include labor laws,
divorce laws, bankruptcy laws, expungement laws, gun laws, and drunken
Utah requires all its state residents who wish to carry a concealed
weapon to first obtain a proper permit. These permits are also
necessary for open carry firearms when the gun itself is not loaded.
Utah law requires that there be no loaded rounds or any rounds in the
firing position. Such stipulations allow those without permits to carry
firearms with loaded magazines.
In order to obtain a firearm permit, each individual must submit
application to the county sheriff and undergo backgrounds checking.
Upon approval an individual must also display his or her ability to
properly fire and handle a firearm.
A majority of criminal records are not eligible for expungement. These
normally include felony offenses, misdemeanor offenses, and traffic
offenses. However Utah does allow Class A and Class B Misdemeanor
offenses to be expunged as well as some felony offenses. Capital felony
offenses and sexual offenses, as well as Class A and Class B Felony
offenses, cannot be expunged under any circumstance.
The state of Utah allows some kinds of juvenile records to be expunged
under certain terms. Juvenile records are eligible after one year has
passed after all fines and jurisdiction have been terminated and all
restitution paid. If an individual is over the age of eighteen and has
not committed any crimes as an adult, his or her juvenile record may be
expunged. Despite eligibility a petition for expungement can be denied
if the jurisdiction deems the expungement not in favor of the court.
The consequences for driving under the influence are based on the
circumstances of the offense and any prior convictions. First driving
under the influence offenses are normally considered Class B
Misdemeanors by the state of Utah, though this charges can increase to
a Class A Misdemeanor or higher if circumstances allow.
Punishments for drunken driving most often include driver's licenses
suspension, jail sentencing, fines, and probation. A third or
subsequent driving under the influence offense will increase to a
third-degree felony rather than a misdemeanor.