Virginia has preempted firearms laws that govern the entire state.
Local law enforcement has the right to regulate any firearm discharge,
the transporting of loaded shotguns and rifles, the fingerprinting for
certain permits -- including concealed weapons permits -- pneumatic gun
usage, and any revolver or pistol sellers as through the county clerk's
Any fingerprints taken as a concealed weapons permit requirement can
later be returned. Law enforcement has the rights to check the weapon
number, the purchasing date, the weapon itself, the name of the weapon
owner, and the weapon's caliber upon weapon purchase.
Virginia Legal Issues
Virginia has made some firearms illegal to be possessed in state lines.
These include semi-automatic shotguns designated as folding stock with
a spring tension magazine as well as Striker 12 Shotguns. These
firearms are described as too dangerous for usage. All machine guns are
to be under registration through the state police department as
designated by the National Firearms Act.
Virginia has specific places where the law disallows firearms to enter.
Since these places are prohibited, consequences will subsequently
follow. Firearms are illegal in courthouses, any place where there are
religious meetings, air carrier airport terminals, public school
property, private school property, and school functions.
Firearms cannot have more than twenty rounds when loaded nor can a
shotgun hold more than seven shells at a time while on a public road, a
public street, a sidewalk, an alley, a public park, or a right-of-way.
Virginia also does not allow these kinds of firearms in any public
place in the cities of Richmond, Norfolk, Chesapeake, Alexandria,
Newport News, Fairfax, Virginia Beach, and Falls Church.
Certain counties also prohibit these firearms including Prince William,
Henrico, Fairfax, Loudoun, and Arlington. This law, however, does not
apply to those with concealed weapons permits.
Concealed weapons are not prohibited on any premises that sell alcohol,
including clubs, bars, and restaurants. The Virginia Code altered this
law in 2010 to say that those with concealed weapons permits are
allowed to possess firearms in alcohol-serving establishments as long
as they do not consume alcohol themselves. Law enforcement officers are
allowed to consume alcohol and carry concealed weapons. Firearms are
also not permitted in state parks unless in the outlined areas where
concealed weapons may be possessed with a permit.
Only certain individuals are allowed to possess firearms in Virginia
and many are not prohibited to possess any kind of firearm at all.
These include individuals acquitted due to insanity reasons;
individuals adjudicated due to mental incompetency; individuals
involuntarily committed to treatment centers; individuals designated to
protective orders; individuals under drug offense convictions for five
years or more; individuals under kidnapping, felony, rape, or robbery
convictions while using a firearm; non-United States citizens; and
individuals under the age of eighteen.
Minors under eighteen may possess firearms while in the accompaniment
of a parent or guardian. Children over the age of twelve are not
allowed to use firearms unless authorized by an adult over the age of
twenty-one in designated areas.