State Laws

Minnesota Gun Laws


Minnesota Gun Laws
The state of Minnesota has a juvenile possession laws and juvenile sale or transfer laws in place along with a Child Access Prevention law. Minnesota does not require a permit to carry a rifle or a shotgun but it does require a permit to carry a handgun. Firearms--including handguns, shotguns, and rifles--do not need to be registered nor does there need to be a permit in place to purchase them from a dealer. The owners of any rifles, shotguns, or handguns do not need to be licensed to possess them.

There is a waiting period in place that can last up to seven days before a permit can be obtained to buy a handgun. The Federal Bureau of Investigations has the right to check any and all firearm negotiations using a National Instant Check System. Through this power rifles, shotguns, and other large guns are checked through a federal system while all handguns are check through a state system. All records of sale through dealers are kept on file for government and law enforcement purposes.

Possession Eligibility
Minnesota gun laws have been set up to protect citizens from unnecessary incidents where individuals are accidentally injured. These laws are to help keep firearms from reckless individuals and individuals who are prone to violence. To do this Minnesota has created different groups for those who are eligible and those who are not eligible to possess firearms.

Those who are noted as unfit to possess firearms includes those who have previously been convicted of a violence crime where ten years have not yet passed to restore civil rights; those who are considered mentally unstable or mentally ill and dangerous to others; those under the age of eighteen; those who have been charged with the use of, the sale of, or the possession of a controlled substance other than marijuana; those who have been treated for controlled substance addiction; and those who regularly abuse alcohol. Under these categories certain time limits apply for how long ineligibility lasts and can be between two years and ten years, and in some cases eligibility can never be restored.

Those who have been convicted of felonies in the first class while possessing a handgun lose their right to possess a firearm in the future. Individuals who have been convicted of misdemeanors while using a handgun also those this Constitutional right. Certain circumstances can allow for these rights to be re-established, which is usually done through a court of law.

Transferring and Carrying a Firearm
Since Minnesota law states that all individuals carrying handguns must possess legal licenses, the law also states where unlicensed individuals may carry handguns. While transferring a firearm from one place to another, the firearm must not be loaded and needs to be enclosed in a secure package. Law enforcement officials and on-duty military personnel are permitted to carry firearms without a license. This law was set into place to prevent ineligible individuals from obtaining any kind of firearm as to be used for illegal purposes.

See also:
Minnesota Felony
Minnesota Divorce
Minnesota Bankruptcy Laws
Minnesota Misdemeanor External link (opens in new window)
Minnesota Expungement External link (opens in new window)